Washington University is committed to having a positive learning and working environment for its students, faculty, and staff. All individuals have the right to enjoy an environment free from all forms of conduct that can be considered harassing, threatening, or intimidating. In addition, academic freedom can exist only when every person is free to pursue ideas in a non-threatening atmosphere of mutual respect. Washington University is committed to protecting the academic freedom and freedom of expression of all members of the school community and this Policy against abusive conduct will be applied in a manner that protects those freedoms. Abusive conduct is reprehensible and threatening to the careers, educational experience, and well being of all members of our community and will not be tolerated. This Policy applies to all students, faculty, and staff. It does not cover conduct prohibited by the University’s Sexual Harassment Policy or Discrimination and Discriminatory Harassment Policy.
What Is Abusive Conduct?
Abusive conduct is behavior that creates an intimidating environment and is likely to interfere with an individual’s work or education. This conduct can be verbal, visual, physical, or communicated in writing or electronically. Such conduct is typically directed against a particular individual or individuals. It includes, but is not limited to, situations where one person has authority over another. In such situations, abusive conduct is particularly serious because it may unfairly exploit the power inherent in a faculty member’s or supervisor’s position.
Examples of conduct that may be considered abusive include but are not limited to:
- threatening or intimidating behavior or words (written or oral);
- obscenities/profanities (verbal or gestures) directed at a person;
- threatening or obscene gestures, jokes, or cartoons;
- degrading a person or a group on the basis of a personal characteristic;
- taunting, jeering, mocking, or humiliating another person through acts or words;
- screaming and/or yelling at or around others; •insulting someone, especially in the
- presence of others;
- endangering the safety of an individual or individuals
In considering a complaint under this policy, the following understandings shall apply:
(1) Abusive conduct must be distinguished from behavior which, even though unpleasant or disconcerting, is appropriate to the carrying out of certain instructional, advisory, or supervisory responsibilities. In the context of patient care clear and direct communication may be necessary in order to deliver safe, effective, appropriate, and timely clinical treatment.
(2) Instructional responsibilities require appropriate latitude for pedagogical decisions concerning the topics discussed and methods used to draw students into discussion and full participation.
The fact that someone did not intend to be abusive is generally not considered a sufficient defense to a complaint, although the reasonableness of the accuser’s perceptions may be considered. In most cases, it is the characteristics and the effect of the behavior on the complainant and whether a reasonable person would find the conduct abusive that determines whether the behavior was abusive.
Reporting Abusive Conduct
Washington University can respond to specific instances and allegations of abusive conduct only if it is aware of them and therefore encourages anyone who believes that he or she has experienced abusive conduct to come forward promptly with inquiries, reports, or complaints and to seek assistance. In addition, any faculty member, manager, or employee who becomes aware of instances or allegations of abusive conduct, by or against a person under his or her supervisory authority, is required to report it to the appropriate dean, director, department head, or other similar administrator or to the Human Resources Office. Once a complaint is received, it is the responsibility of the dean, director, department head, or similar administrator to respond to the allegations and reports of abusive conduct and take corrective action, if appropriate, or to work with Human Resources to develop such a response and corrective action, if appropriate. All complaints and their resolution must be reported to Human Resources.
Retaliation and Protection of Rights
The University will not tolerate retaliation against persons who report abusive conduct. In this context, retaliation means behavior engaged in because of a person’s participation in the reporting or investigation of an allegation of abusive conduct that adversely affects that person’s terms or conditions of employment or education. Any such retaliation – or any encouragement of another to retaliate – is a violation of this policy, regardless of whether the particular claim of abusive conduct is substantiated. If you believe you have been subjected to such retaliation, you may use the procedures described above to seek redress.
The University seeks to protect the rights of all persons, accusers and accused, to fair procedures. Accusations of abusive conduct may have injurious far-reaching effects on the careers and lives of accused individuals. Allegations of abusive conduct must be made in good faith and not out of malice. Knowingly making a false or frivolous allegation of abusive conduct, whether in a formal or informal context, will be treated as a serious offense under this policy. If you have a reasonable basis to believe that a complaint of abusive conduct against you was not made in good faith, you may use the procedures of this policy to seek redress.
Possible sanctions for a person found to exhibit abusive conduct include, but are not limited to, the following:
In many situations, the following examples of sanctions may be sufficient:
- oral or written reprimand;
- required attendance at a sensitivity program;
- apology to the victim;
- oral or written warning
In certain situations, the following sanctions may also need to be considered:
- loss of salary or benefit, such as sabbatical or research or travel funding;
- loss of non-salary benefits (i.e., travel funding);
- demotion; and suspension, probation, termination.
While counseling is not considered a sanction, it may be offered or required in combination with sanctions.